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Water Consumption In Africa

In Africa about 85% of the water is used in agriculture. Only 10% is used in households and only 5% in the industry. Because of the growing population there will be absolutely used more and more water in agrigulture.

Water Consumption per Sector and Region 1998 - 2002

Water Consumption in Billion Kubikmetres per Sector and Region per Year

Data Source: FAO

Region
Sector
Africa Asia and Pacific Europe Latin America and the Caribbean North America
Agriculture 182.5 1,848.0 149.1 187.5 201.9
Households 21.3 161.3 67.9 51.2 72.9
Industry 9.7 259.4 203.1 27.5 244.6
Sum 213.5 2,268.7 420.1 266.2 519.4


Water Consumption in % per Sector and Region 1998 - 2002

Data Source: FAO


Region
Sector
Africa Asia and Pacific Europe Latin America and the Caribbean North America Average
Agriculture 85% 81% 35% 70% 39% 62%
Households 10% 7% 16% 19% 14% 13%
Industry 5% 11% 48% 10% 47% 24%

Water Consumption of African Countries per Sector in Billion m³/year in 1998 - 2002

Data Source:FAO

Country Agriculture Households Industry
Algeria 39,400 13,300 0,8000
Angola 0,2100 0,0800 0,0600
Benin 0,0590 0,0410 0,0300
Botswana 0,0800 0,0790 0,0350
Burkina
Faso
0,6900 0,1000 0,0060
Burundi 0,2200 0,0490 0,0170
Cameroon 0,7300 0,1800 0,0800
Cape Verde 0,0200 0,0016 0,0004
Central
African Republic
0,0010 0,0200 0,0040
Chad 0,1900 0,0400 0,0000
Comoros 0,0047 0,0048 0,0005
Congo 0,0040 0,0320 0,0100
Dem. Rep.
Congo
0,1100 0,1900 0,0600
Djibouti 0,0030 0,0160 0,0000
Egypt 59,0000 53,000 40,000
Equatorial
Guinea
0,0010 0,0900 0,0170
Eritrea 0,2900 0,0100 0,0000
Ethiopia 52,040 0,3300 0,0210
Gabun 0,0500 0,0600 0,0100
Gambia 0,0200 0,0070 0,0036
Ghana 0,6500 0,2300 0,0950
Guinea 13,600 0,1200 0,0300
Guinea
Bissau
0,1400 0,0230 0,0080
Ivory
Coast
0,6000 0,2200 0,1100
Kenya 10,100 0,4700 0,1000
Lesotho 0,0100 0,0200 0,0200
Liberia 0,0600 0,0300 0,0200
Libya 35,840 0,6100 0,1300
Madagascar 14,3100 0,4200 0,2300
Malawi 0,8100 0,1500 0,0500
Mali 59,000 0,5900 0,0560
Morocco 11,0100 12,300 0,3600
Mauritania 15,000 0,1500 0,0500
Mozambique 0,5500 0,0700 0,0100
Namibia 0,2100 0,0730 0,0730
Niger 20,800 0,0900 0,0100
Nigeria 55,100 55,100 55,100
Rwanda 0,1000 0,0360 0,0120
Senegal 20,650 0,0980 0,0580
Sierra
Leone
0,3500 0,0200 0,0100
Somalia 32,800 0,0100 0,0000
South
Africa
78,360 39,040 0,7600
Sudan 36,0700 0,9900 0,2600
Swasiland 10,060 0,0240 0,0120
Tansania 46,320 0,5300 0,0250
Togo 0,0760 0,0890 0,0040
Tunisia 21,650 0,3600 0,1100
Uganda 0,1200 0,1300 0,1300
Zambia 13,200 0,2900 0,1300
Zimbabwe 33,180 0,5900 0,3000

 

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